Edison Amberola DX
The Edison Amberola DX internal horn phonograph was introduced in July, 1914 and only remained in production until December, 1914. It was the last and best in a series of Amberola "X" table top phonographs. It is also the last belt-driven Amberola to be sold by Edison. The Amberola X Series was manufactured using parts from obsolete external horn phonographs, including the Fireside and GEM models. The Amberola DX was the only X Series model to have a Fireside spring motor. Previous X Series Amberolas were fitted with noisy and underpowered GEM motors.
|A 1914 Edison Phonograph catalog illustration shows the Amberola X in a fashionable parlor of the day. The Amberola X was the smallest and least expensive table top phonograph in the Edison line. It sold for $30.|
|Of of Edison's dealers tried to make it easy to purchase an Amberola DX on credit as seen in this ad from Popular Mechanics Magazine. In 1914, $1.00 was considered to be a lot of money for many working class families in America.|
All Amberola X models were designed to play only 4-Minute plastic Blue Amberol cylinder records via a Diamond B reproducer. The Diamond B bears down on the hard surface of the Blue Amberol records and it yields superior sound reproduction. Even with a small internal horn, the Amberola DX sounds as loud as a phonograph with a large external morning glory horn and a smaller Model H saphire stylus reproducer. The heavy floating weight allows the Diamond B reproducer to track well on out-of-round Blue Amberol records, so skipping and fluttering is usually not a problem. Although the phonograph is called an "Amberola", the heavy Diamond B reproducer will destroy 4-Minute black wax Amberol records.
Edison developed the Amberola X to be the smallest and least expensive tabletop phonographs in the product line. Nevertheless, they sold for $30, which was a lot of money in 1914. Although the Amberola X was touted in ads to be Edison's "Final Achievement", a decision was made to develop the more cheaply constructed worm-drive Amberola 30 phonograph to take its place. The Amberola 30 would remain in Edison's product line until about 1925 when it was replaced with the larger Amberola 60 and 80.
|The Edison Diamond B reproducer was designed to play only 4-Minute celluloid Blue Amberol and other "indestructible" plastic cylinder records. If you try to play wax Amberol cylinders with this reproducer, you will ruin the records!|
|The Diamond B is very loud, even with the small internal horn in the Amberola. This reproducer was the starting point for the Edison Diamond Disc reproducer.|
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